Periodontal Diseases and Treatment (Periodontology)

What is a Periodontal Disease?
This condition is characterized by inflammation of the tissues that support the teeth. It initially affects the gingiva, and then spreads to the bone and causes bone loss, resulting in the loss of teeth.

What are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?
The most common symptom of periodontal disease is bleeding. Bleeding may occur spontaneously (by itself), during toothbrushing or when eating hard foods. Bleeding tends to be the symptom that compels the patient to visit the dentist.

Other symptoms of periodontal disease include red gums, edematous gums, spontaneous bleeding or when brushing, bad breath, a bad taste in the mouth, displacement of teeth, widening of spaces between teeth and rotation (of teeth), hot-cold sensitivity, gingival recession and exposure of root surfaces.

Is Periodontal Disease Preventable?
Dental and periodontal diseases are preventable conditions.

Brushing teeth twice a day,

Interdental cleaning (dental floss-toothpicks-interdental brush),

Brushing the surface of the tongue,

and Regular dentist visits are very important for disease prevention.