Temporomandibular Joint (Jaw Joint) Disorders

What are Temporomandibular Joint Disorders?
Temporomandibular joint disorders are common conditions leading not only to problems in the joint and the masticatory (chewing) muscles, but all dysfunctions of the masticatory system.

The temporomandibular joint is in constant movement when chewing, swallowing, breathing and talking. A regular person uses the temporomandibular joint around 1500–2000 times a day, and this joint should be used properly.

The mandible (lower jaw) moves as a result of combined movements of the neck and jaw muscles. The temporomandibular joint is involved not only in opening and closing movements, but also in lateral (left and right), and forward and backward movements.

Any limitation in these movements can indicate problems. Early diagnosis enhances the success of treatment.

What are the Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders?

  • Feelings of pain and tiredness in the jaw and cheeks when chewing
  • Dislocation sensation when opening and closing the jaw
  • Limited mouth opening
  • Difficulty opening the jaw in the morning
  • Jaw clicking and crepitation sounds
  • Locking of the jaw
  • Earache and feelings of fullness in the ears